of words through the repetition and reflection of which one attains perfection. Tattva : Essence; principle. Niyama : The second step in Raja Yoga ; observance - purity, contentment, austerities, etc. 2, this chapter works to define critical thinking for first year writers, explaining a process that helps them think, read, and write critically. Bhuta-siddhi : A psychic power by which mastery is gained over the elements. Jiva : Individual Soul. Purusha : The Supreme Being. Benares : A holy pilgrimage centre of Hindus, now called Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. Karma : Actions operating through the law of cause and effect. Mahabharata : A Hindu epic.
Vyavahara : (Worldly) activity. Asana : A bodily pose or posture. Chaitanya : Pure Consciousness. Mahatma : Great soul maitri : Friendship. The slokas and their cursory meaning are given in two audio files. Samskaras : Impressions in the subconscious mind. Tanmatra : Subtle, undifferentiated root elements of matter. Tamas : One of the three qualities of nature which generates inertia, laziness, dullness and infatuation.
Gayatri : One of the most sacred Vedic Mantras; goddess. Sadhana : Spiritual practice. Sankirtan : Singing of divine songs. Svarupa : Essential nature; Reality. Chitta : Subconscious mind. Siddhi : Psychic power. Ajaram : Without old age. Mouna : Vow of silence. Bodhisattva : A being who, having developed the Awakening Mind (a mind infused with the aspiration to attain the state of Buddhahood devotes his life to the task of achieving Buddhahood for the sake of all sentient beings. Kaivalya : Emancipation; state of absolute independence. Brihadaranyaka : Name of an Upanishad. Zamindar : A rich landlord.