and Davies combined produce very strong criticisms against the main predicates of verification, and the fact that Ayer has to even write a second edition proves that the argument is fundamentally flawed. He used an analogy of an invisible gardener who tends to a garden who is unseen and cannot be trapped. The Verification Principle was developed and it was claimed that a statement could be meaningful if it was a tautology, something we know to be true by definition, for instance?all squares have four sides.read more. Similarly, Gods existence could be eschatological verifiable when we die. T a genuine statement. By measuring the speed of a gas cloud, there is indirect verifiable proof that black holes exist, thus the statement black holes exist is indirectly verifiable. You could argue the same is true to different types of statements for instance mathematics or quantum physics, some people might not understand quantum physics or the reasoning behind it thus it holds no meaning for them. Extracts from this document.
A2 philosophy religious language essay
God-ontological argument prove facts about God logically. Statements can only be meaningful if it can be demonstrated. Again, in terms of religious language, although Ayer acknowledges its emotive value, he denied that religious language was more than this, hence it was a pseudo-proposition. Logical Positivism being the movement in philosophy that believed that the aim of philosophy should be analysis of language, especially the language of science.
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They are simply metaphors, because any attempt to use precise language would only be anthropomorphising God. There is also a serious flaw with the strong and weak verification principle, which Ayer himself critiques in his second edition. Non-cognitive- feelings, most as RL cant be tested. Formed a group called the Vienna circle consisting.J Ayer, Ruldolf Carnap and Moritz Schlick- test called verification principle to see if religious language was meaningful. This stated that statements are only meaningful if they can be verified by the senses. It was his introduction of falsification which overtook verification in the following periods of analytic philosophy. Karl Popper, one of the founders of falsification, argues that the method of verification is flawed. Cant tell us anything but not false. Some philosophers argue that religious statements are analogical and so they cannot be proved or disproved. The above preview is unformatted text.